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Styles

 
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 365

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:02 am    Post subject: Styles Reply with quote

Pages has 3 styles:

Paragraph style which as it suggests is paragraph wide formatting.

Character style again as it suggests formats on a character level only and can override the paragraph style.

List style which applies purely to how a list is automatically numbered and indented, independent of the above 2 styles.

There is no "Combined style" which crosses over these categories. The way it currently works allows you to apply Lists to other formats, for example, without destroying them.

The styles are all shown in the Styles Drawer

Menu > View > Show Styles Drawer

or by clicking on the white ¶ in the blue dot on the left of the toolbar.


Last edited by PeterBreis on Sun Feb 28, 2010 12:58 pm; edited 2 times in total
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 365

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:04 am    Post subject: Manage Styles Reply with quote

Manage Styles

Pages works by example to create and and apply styles.

To create styles

Style the Paragraph/Character/List text the way you like it and click on the little plus sign at the bottom of the Styles Drawer and name the style, which will be previewed in the drawer using the name.

To specifically make the style a Character or List style and not a paragraph style look for a small red triangle to the right of the current text style or look for "None".

Click on the triangle and choose Create New Character/List Style from Selection… > name it.

To apply a style

Select the text and click on the Paragraph/Character/List style name in the Style Drawer. In the case of a paragraph/list style anywhere in the paragraph/s will do. For character style select only the characters you want.

You can also use function (fn) keys as "Hot Keys" to apply up to 8 different shortcuts to styles.

Click on the arrow next to the style name > Hot Key > select None or F1-F8

To alter a style name

Click on the arrow next to the style name > Rename Style > Retype highlighted name

To alter a style

Select styled text and change to suit

Click on the arrow next to the style name > Redefine Style from Selection

To replace a style with another style

Click on the arrow next to the style name > Delete Style > Choose a style to replace it

To edit a style

Select style text and change to suit

Click on the arrow next to the style name > Redefine Style from Selection

In the case of character style go to the Create new Character Style from selection. There is another little arrow in the pop up under that you can click on to reveal all the formatting applied and check/uncheck options to have them apply or not.

This is an odd implementation because all it allows is on or off, no other editing, and is very awkward to get to.

If you want any changes to apply to the existing style, you will need to give this style a new name then delete the old style and replace with the new. Then rename the new style back to the old style name.

Crazy! Hey?

Hellooo, New Apple! This is the New Improved User Interface?

To replace all text of one style with another

Click on the arrow next to the style name > Select all Uses of XXX Style > Choose another style
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 365

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:07 am    Post subject: Search and replace on character style Reply with quote

Search and replace on character style

You can search and replace for text based on the styling of the text e.g. 12 pt Copperplate bold.

The text must be a named style in Character Styles.

Go command f or:

Menu > Edit > Find > Find… > Find: > Style: choose Character Style from list/Any > Replace: > Style: choose Character Style from list

eg Find the words "Photo Caption" using Any as the style and Replace it with a previously set up Caption character style to make every "Photo Caption" text styled to 10 pt Futura Bold 80% black.

As of Pages '09 v4.02 however it is still not possible to use a wild card to let you to search for "Photo Caption No. XX" to format the whole label.
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PeterBreis
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PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:09 am    Post subject: Setting a keyboard shortcut for a style Reply with quote

Setting a keyboard shortcut for a style

Menu > View > Show Styles Drawer > Select style > click on red triangle next to style name > Hot Key > choose an F key

There will however be a problem getting this to work.

Simply selecting an F key will set off Apple's system preset for that key.

To override the System fKey functions

System Preferences > Hardware > Keyboard & Mouse > Keyboard > check "Use all F1, F2, etc keys as standard function keys"
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 365

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:11 am    Post subject: Style Application Behavior Reply with quote

Style Application Behavior

By default Pages will not override varied character style in text when you apply a style, which is strange behavior for the user.

e.g. If text within the selected paragraph, has bolding, italics, different size or color, these are still there after a style application.

You have to select the style and force the change with "Revert to Defined Style" off the small triangle submenu. Then everything is removed even bolds and italics.

Double clicking the style name with the text selected has the same effect.
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PeterBreis
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PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:38 pm    Post subject: Custom Styles for Outline View levels Reply with quote

Custom Styles for Outline View levels

Styles apparently have a hidden level property attached to them. There appears to be no way to apply this yourself but you can use the ones Apple has set in their examples.

Use the existing named "Heading 1", "Heading 2", etc, for styles associated with outline levels:

1. Change the formating of these styles by starting with a paragraph formatted using "Heading #"

2. Change the outline level to the appropriate one.

3. Manually change the text to your own formatting.

4. Select the newly formatted outline level paragraph, click on the little triangle next to the style and "Redefine style from selection".

If you just apply another style, it over-writes the hidden outline level # property with its own, usually making it "body"

To add an outline to an existing document you have to re-create all the styles from scratch using the technique above.

You can have mutliple styles that apply at the same level by doing the same as above, but instead of redefining the appropriate "level #" heading do "Create new paragraph style from selection". (Naming it something other than "Heading #").

Applying this style gives a paragraph the associated outline level as well. Unfortunately, if you promote or demote an "outline level #" tagged paragraph, its hidden "outline level #" property is changed and the new style will always become the "Heading #" style associated with the hidden "outline level #" property.

There is no memory of where it came from, so if returned to its original outline level, it loses the "custom named style".

There is no way to tell Pages that it should choose your custom named style by default instead of the "Header #" style for a given outline level.

There is also some odd behavior used to hide unused "Heading #" styles.

You can see evidence of this if you repeatedly demote an outline paragraph. The extra heading styles automatically appear in the style drawer. If you then repeatedly promote the same outline paragraph, these intermediate styles go away.

How that works without losing user-defined styles with the same name is a mystery.
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