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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 384

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:55 am    Post subject: Printing Reply with quote

Printing

Printing in OSX is handled by the system and is divided into:

Menu > File Page > Page Setup…

This where you set your Page Attributes such as:

Printer: Select from those installed or connected to your computer

Paper Size: A long list of preformatted standard sizes plus custom sizes you can amke yourself.

Orientation: Portrait (vertical) or landscape (horizontal)

Scale: You can adjust from 1% to 800% actual size. WARNING: increasing the size seems to trigger a bug where the page actually gets smaller.

Menu > File Page > Print

This where you set how your Document will print with a huge range of options some of which depend on what your printer is capable of.

>>ELABORATE<<


Last edited by PeterBreis on Sun Feb 28, 2010 12:32 pm; edited 3 times in total
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 384

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 3:10 am    Post subject: Custom Paper Sizes Reply with quote

Custom Paper Sizes

You specify paper sizes and page orientation in:

Menu > File > Page Setup…

Here you can choose your default printer, paper size, and orientation.

If you do not have a paper size that matches your project or you want to alter presets like printable margins (which do not override what your printer is capable of):

Menu > File > Page Setup… > Paper Size: Manage Custom Sizes… > click on little plus sign under window > Select & change Untitled to eg "Index Card" > Paper Size > Width > Height > Non-Printable Area: 0/0/0/0 >OK

Index Card will now appear as your Paper Size: and can be chosen at any time


Last edited by PeterBreis on Tue Mar 30, 2010 12:34 am; edited 1 time in total
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 384

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 3:19 am    Post subject: Printing 2 sided (duplexing) Reply with quote

Printing 2 sided (duplexing) if your printer does not have the feature

Most desktop printers print to the underside of the paper.

The sheet goes in the right way up as you read it, but face down.

1. Print all the odd pages in reverse order:

Menu > Print > Layout > Paper Handling > Pages to Print: > Odd Only > Pages Order: > Reverse

2. Feed them back in the print tray face down and print all the even pages and this time print Even Only / Page Order: Normal.

Printing multiple copies with many pages double sided

When there are more than 2 pages in a document, and you need multiple copies, it is simpler to print one set at a time, using the above method.

Printing multiple copies with only 2 pages double sided

Print all the even copies first then the odd pages to have a stack with Page 1 facing up.

Things may not be the same on your particular printer!

1. Create a 6 page document with nothing but page numbers set in the header

2. Mark the paper in the printer tray with an arrow on the top facing sheet

3. Test print as above to work out the method for your setup.

4. Take notes and keep the result handy by the printer.
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PeterBreis
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Posts: 384

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:26 pm    Post subject: Oversize prints Reply with quote

Oversize prints

4 ways to create and print oversize jobs such as posters:

1. Create a custom page

Menu > File Page Setup… > Paper Size: > Manage Custom Sizes: > Setup as you wish

2. Work to a scaled version of the page

e.g. 25% size, and adjust the size of the elements accordingly, just make sure to have enough resolution in the images.

Then print enlarged back to the real size:

Menu > File Page Setup… > Scale: > 400%

3. Use 3rd party software to tile print the large layout onto several smaller pages

Poster-Print tiles large prints on separate pages.

PosteRazor cuts up a bitmap image into tiled pages.

Tiler (Free) prints PDF Files onto Multiple Pages.

4. Manually tile the layout

Create your poster as in 1. above then print it to a .pdf file.

Bring that pdf back into a series of smaller pages that tile the same image, page to page, using:

Inspector > Metrics to reposition each tile, on each page to form a mosaic of the final print.
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PeterBreis
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Posts: 384

PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:28 pm    Post subject: Add "bleeds" & crop marks Reply with quote

Add "bleeds" & crop marks

To print a document that has images running off the edge of the page, you must create an oversize document and trim off the excess paper.

This requires 2 things, "bleeds" and crop marks to show where to cut the final printed document.

1. Create an over-size page

Menu > File Page Setup… > Paper Size: > Manage Custom Sizes: > Create a page with 10mm or 0.375" extra on all sizes ie 20mm or 0.75" extra width and height

For an A4 brochure this would be 317mm wide by 230mm high.

For a US letter brochure this would be 11.75 x 9.25"

2. Construct the brochure

Drag guides in 10mm/0.375" from the rulers to mark the Trim Lines for page edges.

Drag guides in 7mm/0.5" from the rulers to mark Bleed Lines for images.

Add crop marks, 0.5 pt 100% cmyk lines, in the corners pointing in to just 1mm/0.05" short of the trimmed corners.

3. Layout the document

Position the document content within the trimmed guidelines with any bleeding images running out to the bleed lines.

If you want to avoid all this extra manual work, try:

Swift Publisher which can do all of this plus imposition, true master pages and many other features.
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PeterBreis
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PostPosted: Sun Feb 28, 2010 2:41 pm    Post subject: Imposing booklets Reply with quote

Imposing booklets

Imposition is the technique of laying out the pages in a publication, so that they appear in the right order when printed on an oversize sheet of paper, printed both sides, folded and nested inside each other.

Each set of folded and nested pages is called a signature. A number of them are gathered together, glued and/or stitched, then have the outer folds and edges guillotined away to make a final book.

You can see these signatures by looking down on the top of a hardback (it is harder to see in a paperback) at where the paper meets the spine. If you look closely, you can see where the folded signatures are stitched and glued into the binding.

Why imposition is necessary

Make a simple "dummy" of a book by folding a piece of paper in half and then half again, numbering the pages on the folds, then unfolding it again to see the printed pages need to be in a particular non-consecutive order.

Working out the imposition

Pages can not do this without you manually laying out the document in the imposed order. The method is relatively simple, but you need to work out how it applies in your particular project.

1. Work out your signatures These are the bundles of pages that will appear on each printed sheet of paper. The minimum is 4 pages: 2 front and 2 back, with a fold in the middle. The signatures thus always go up in sets of 4 and usually double each time ie 4, 8, 16, 32. You can have 12 or 24 by using a "roll fold".

2. The signature page limit is determined by the size of the printed paper and the limits of folding. The paper in the middle pushes progressively outwards in an effect called "creep". Commercial imposition takes care of all this, allowing for the thickness of the paper and moving the layout accordingly.

3. Resolve the layout of each signature which is easiest done by making a "dummy" which is a blank folded version of the signature, with the page numbers written on each page in the correct order with a line under the page number to let you know which way is up.

4. Unfold the paper and use this to work out the flat layout.

5. The page order of each signature

a. Facing page numbers always add up to the last number, plus 1.

b. The even numbers are always on the left side of a page pair.

c. The inside pair of a set of 4 is plus 1 on the left and minus 1 on the right

e.g. A simple 8 page signature numbered from 1:

8 | 1
2 | 7
6 | 3
4 | 5

Note how the numbers zig zag from left to right, and how the middle pair (where the stitching or staples hold it together) are the only ones to have consecutive numbers.

Also that each alternate set of 4, in this case 6 | 3 & 4 | 5 will be upside down.

Imposing pages manually

1. Simplest method In the case where each sheet of paper has only 4 pages, none upside down, simply make a document and use text linking between text boxes on each page to order the pages as they need to be when printed, eg for a simple 4 page document:

4 | 1
2 | 3

Print the first pair of pages, then feed the paper back into the printer, upside down to print the 2nd pair.

If you are going to print out simple 4 page signatures but tuck them inside each other, make a dummy using this arrangement and one piece of paper for each sheet, then follow that page order in your Pages document.

Check your printer's paper orientation by marking a blank sheet of paper with an arrow facing up and into the printer, then see which way the printed side comes out.

2. Print via .pdfs For longer more complex layouts. Produce your document as normal single pages with whatever numbering you need. Export or print to .pdf.

Create a 2nd printable paper size document in Pages, to assemble the imposed pages.

e.g. this could be an A3 page for assembling a set of 8 A5 imposed pages (4 front & 4 back).

Divide the document up into a grid of touching placeholder image boxes the size of the finished individual pages.

e.g. The above example would be four A5 size image boxes on an A3 size document. The second 4 image boxes (alternate side) would be on the second page of the document.

Rotate 180° any image boxes that must be upside down in the final signature.

Open the exported .pdf file in Preview .app and drag the pages from the .pdf sidebar into the correct placeholder image boxes above.

NB There is a bug in Snow Leopard that does not let you do this directly. You will have to drag each individual page to the Desktop or an intermediate folder first, then back into Pages. I suggest you number these to avoid later confusion. This has now been fixed in OSX 10.6.2.

If you have a complex layout, lots of pages or starting with roman numerals, I recommend you add little numbers into your assembly document or closely follow an unfolded dummy.

Imposition utilities that will do this for you

CocoaBooklet will automatically impose a multi-page .pdf produced from Pages, or any other program. This is currently not working with Snow Leopard however.

Create Booklet (free) is an Automator action that adds a Create Booklet option when you print to pdf.

Cheap Imposter US$35.

BookLightning US$49.00.

Imposition Wizard US$300.00.

Or get the cheap DTP application, Swift Publisher , which has an option to print imposed documents.

Commercial Printers

If you are going to a reputable commercial printer, they will not want you to this, as with many production steps. They will impose and assemble the job in the best most efficient manner for their presses. Anything you do, will need to be undone.
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123lebertxXx



Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1
Location: Austin, Texas

PostPosted: Wed Nov 02, 2011 3:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello,

Thanks for your very detailed and understandable posts. Really of great learning for people who are not so familiar with such technical matters. thanks for sharing the knowledge you have when in comes to printing.

Thanks..
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CC West Printing
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mikethompsonuk82



Joined: 23 Nov 2011
Posts: 2

PostPosted: Thu Nov 24, 2011 4:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Peter, once again you have some excellent steps laid out here. The post on oversize prints has been a great help. Thanks again.
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