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Typing accented characters

 
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 384

PostPosted: Wed Sep 30, 2009 2:45 am    Post subject: Typing accented characters Reply with quote

The principle is quite simple and easy to remember as they are associated with their most common letter.

First you indicate the accent you want:

opt ` = `

opt e =

opt i =

opt u =

opt n =

then you add your letter

eg opt n, then n =

A number of other alternate characters are actually directly accessed by combining the option key with the normal lower or upper case letter:

eg opt o = and option shift O =

Explore the keyboard and see how many you can find.

This works with English/USA keyboards, it will vary on other keyboards.
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 384

PostPosted: Wed Sep 30, 2009 12:45 pm    Post subject: More on accents Reply with quote

From Tom Gewecke's site

Mac US Keyboard Dead Keys
(typed before base character)

Option n = (tilde) eg
Option ` = `(grave) eg
Option e = (acute) eg
Option u = (diaeresis/umlaut) eg
Option i = (circumflex) eg

Option c = (c-cedilla)
Option s =
Option a =
Option o =
Option ' =
Option q =

Option 1 = (Latin leading exclamation)
Option Shift / = (Latin leading question mark)
Option Shift 2 =

Note: These should work with all apps.

Mac US Extended Keyboard Dead Keys
(typed before base character)
Activate in System Preferences > International > Input Menu

Option ` = ` (grave) eg
Option ^ = (circumflex above) eg
Option w = ˙(dot above) eg ġ
Option e = (acute) eg
Option u = (diaeresis/umlaut) eg
Option i = ʼ (horn) eg ơ
Option p = , (comma below) eg ș
Option a = (macron above) eg ā
Option h = ˍ (macron below) eg ḇ
Option j = ˝ (double acute) eg ű
Option k = ˚ (ring above) eg
Option l = - (stroke overlay) eg ł
Option z = ˀ (hook above) eg ả
Option x = . (dot below) eg ẹ
Option c = (cedilla) eg
Option v = ˇ(caron) eg
Option b = ˘(breve) eg ă
Option n = (tilde above) eg
Option m = ˛(ogonek) eg ǫ
Option Shift g = ‸ (circumflex below) eg ḓ
Option Shift f = ̰ (tilde below) eg ḛ
Option Shift s = ̑ (inverted breve above) eg ȇ
Option Shift y = ̏ (double grave above) eg ȍ

Note: This keyboard can only be used with Unicode-savvy apps (not Appleworks or WordX).

Mac US Extended Keyboard Combining Diacritics
(typed after base character)

Option Shift ` = grave
Option Shift ^ = circumflex
Option Shift w = dot above
Option Shift e = acute
Option Shift u = diaeresis/umlaut
Option Shift i = horn
Option Shift p = comma below
Option Shift a = macron above
Option Shift h = macron below
Option Shift j = double acute
Option Shift k = ring above
Option Shift l = stroke overlay
Option Shift z = hook
Option Shift x = dot below
Option Shift c = cedilla
Option Shift v = caron
Option Shift b = breve
Option Shift n = tilde
Option Shift m = ogonek

Note: This keyboard can only be used with Unicode-savvy apps (not Appleworks or WordX).

US International Keyboard Dead Keys
(typed before base character)

` = grave
~ = tilde
^ = circumflex
' = acute and c-cedilla
" = diaeresis/umlaut

Note: This is the Windows style US International keyboard. A rudimentary version can be obtained here and a more complete one here. It should be installed in the folder Library/Keyboard Layouts, either the main one or the one in your User folder.

For further information on keyboard layouts.
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PeterBreis
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Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 384

PostPosted: Sun Sep 12, 2010 10:04 pm    Post subject: Using keyboards Reply with quote

Using keyboards

Finder > Menu > Apple > System Preferences > Language & Text > Input & Sources > check Keyboard & Character Viewer

A flag icon will appear at the right top of the MenuBar.

Click on the flag > Show Keyboard Viewer

When you hold down the Shift, Option and Shift Option keys you will see what characters you get.

Clicking on the keyboard is the same as typing.

You will notice that holding down the option key shows some characters as orange. These are Dead Keys. You type them and it adds an accent to the following character:

option ` adds etc

option e adds etc

option i adds etc

option u adds etc

option n etc

Notice how the accent is associated with a typical letter.

For other accents you need to switch to the USA Extended keyboard:

Type the character then option shift w eg ȯ

Type the character then option shift x eg ọ

These are following dead keys as opposed to the the others being leading dead keys so can be combined:

option u then o = , plus option shift w becomes ọ̈

There are others such as:

option shift c = o̧

option shift b = ŏ

option shift m = ǫ

They follow a pattern, experiment.
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